The main need of nature and people, Water
Sri Lanka is lucky that she does not have to share water with any other country. Hence she is able to manage the water resources and minimise environmental hazards. If we are to preserve the natural beauty of Sri Lanka we have to manage our water resources well. Sri Lanka is called The Pearl of Indian Ocean because of her shape and natural beauty. There are two aspects to water management, firstly to allocate water to the environment according to the environmental demands, secondly to supply the human requirement of water for agriculture, industry, power generation and domestic work. Excessive removal of water from rivers, tanks and other waterways has exposed Bird, animal, fish and plant species to danger. It is also has threatened the livelihood of farmers and fisherman. Many people depend on river water for drinking cooking washing and for various other uses. When the supply of water for irrigation and interrupted, the farmers cannot cultivate their lands and inland fishing will not be possible. The flow of water keeps the ecosystem healthy and productive. Doctor Validimir Smakhtin the principal researcher at the the international water management institute, based in Colombo points out that the water flow has to Berry at different times of the Year, to maintain the good health of the ecosystem. According to the International water management institute, the environmental needs are not being met as too much of water is being removed. The policy makers should pay greater attention to the over exploitation of fresh water. They must recognise the need to allocate water for the maintenance of the environment. The water wastage must be controlled. They must also monitor the flow of water and pay the greater attention to Environmental effects. Finally they must take steps to maintain the ecosystem. So as the people, we have to to protect our water resource well, otherwise it will be a huge threat to us.
by Sachini Sooriyaarachchi
Photo Source: Internet